The Climate Of The Highlands Of India

The climate of hill stations of India is one of the best climate found anywhere else in the world with their moderate temperature and plentiful rainfall.

In India, highlands are found mostly in The North and North west of the country but some prominent hilly areas are also found in the North east and South of India.

The Highlands of The North

These include the highland of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttrakhand. Of these, Shimla in Himachal Pradesh is the most well-known and affords the best climate of all. It has neither the summer nor the winter extremes. The midday thermometer in the hottest month does not, as a rule, crosses 80 F and the nights are a pleasant 60 F. The winters are also quite mild for its elevation and the coldest month records 40 F though snow falls from December to February.

The rainfall is plentiful; especially in the monsoon season when as much as 20 inches can fall in a single month. The western disturbance is responsible for the winter rainfall with no month recording less than 2 inches of precipitation.

The Highlands Of The North East

These include Shillong, Cherrapunji and Darjeeling. Out of these, Darjeeling has the best climate of all. It has moderate summers and cool to cold winters. Rainfall is sufficient to support its world famous tea plantation. The amazing thing about Darjeeling is that, although it is located in a very heavy rainfall area, the rain here is much more tolerable than that of Cherrapunji where for weeks or months together exceptionally heavy rain renders any tourists activity almost impossible.

The Highlands Of the South

These include those located in the Western Ghats of which Mahabaleshwar is a prominent example and other located in extreme south in the Nilgiri hills of which Oooty is the best example. Oooty is world famous for its constantly cool average temperature of about 60-65 F in each month and a delightful and refreshing air. The rainfall is plentiful to support its thick forests. It was one of the most favorite I hills stations of the British during the colonial era.

In short, the climate of the highlands of India is well known for its cool temperatures and plentiful precipitation throughout the year. This is a wide contrast to the burning heat of the Northern plains of India during the pre-monsoon months and a lot of people flock to these places every tear to enjoy the cool weather.